University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland (SUPSI),
PVLab, Canobbio‐Lugano, Switzerland
TÜV Rheinland, Köln, Germany
European Academy (EURAC), Bolzano, Italy
Ekistica, Alice Springs, Australia, formerly at KU Leuven, Gent, Belgium
The monitoring of single PV modules plays an important role in the demonstration and deeper understanding of technological differences in PV module performance, lifetime and failure mechanisms. With the growing share and relevance of PV in the market, the number of stakeholders performing outdoor measurements at module level is continuously increasing: test institutes, certification labs, PV module manufacturers, but also non‐experts in the field, e.g. distributors, investors or insurance companies are publishing their results in a wide range of media, from scientific to technical journals, from risk assessment reports to purely commercial publications.
The comparability of these measurements is however made difficult by the different testing approaches and missing declarations on measurement uncertainties. This is mainly due to the fact that there is no dedicated standard or recognized guideline published, covering the specific needs of PV module energy yield measurements…